SUMMARIES in English
S. Jolanta Bartman
THE BLESSED EDMUND BOJANOWSKI
THE PRECURSOR OF PRE-SCHOOL AND EARLY-SCHOOL PEDAGOGY IN POLAND.
SAINT JOSEPH ORPHANAGE IN RYMANOW
The article has in focus the person of the blessed Edmund Bojanowski, who took care of abandoned children and orphans by starting the institution of the so-called children shelter. The author, S. Jolanta Bartman, describes one of those, the Saint Joseph Orphanage, in a few sentences.
IN THE CULTURE LANDSCAPE
OF RYMANOW AND VICINITY
The article marks the beginning of a series that is going to continue in the following issues. It will be devoted to the cataloguing of wooden architecture in Rymanow Zdrój, Deszno, Rymanow, Lazy, Posada Górna and Dolna, as well as the historical wooden Orthodox church in Bałocianka.
In the introduction the author quotes the declaration of the International Europa Nostra Congress (IBI), passed on 9-14 May 1995 by the specialist Discussion Panel working under the slogan "Threats to wooden architecture in Europe", at the meeting of the General Assembly of the organisation that took place in Warsaw and Kraków.
In response to the declaration, students of the Architecture Faculty of Kraków's University of Technology prepared the architectural cataloguing of historical wooden buildings in Rymanow and the surrounding towns and villages. It included over 150 buildings and 30 chapels. The project was supervised by August Bocheński (PhD in construction engineering) and was carried out as part of the students internship after their first year of study at the Institute of Architecture and Village Planning. In the first part of the series the author discusses historical wooden buildings in Rymanów.
DOCTOR IGNACY BIELECKI THE GRANDSON'S MEMORIES.
Grandson remembering the grandfather, one of the most prominent Polish doctors (1862-1963), who, in his seventy years of medical practice and social activity has left a lasting trace in the history of Rymanów and vicinity. A short biographical note has been attached.
ORTHODOX CHURCHES IN THE TABOR RIVER VALLEY
SOUTH OF RYMANÓW.
The article focuses on the history of Orthodox churches in the Tabor River valley south of Rymanów. The Orthodox churches, which are an indispensable element of the religion, culture and landscape of Beskid Niski, Bieszczady and Pogórze mountain range, have experienced various hardships over the years. The Second World War was certainly the most tragic event in the history of the churches, and particularly the consequent displacement of the Lemkan people living in the region. At that time many decorations and furniture disappeared from the churches. Only a small number of icons was preserved by the faithful or taken to museums. Unfortunately, most icons were either destroyed or stolen.
MEETING THE LICHEN
,,Meeting the lichen" is yet another chance to take a closer look at the living organisms that we can observe during our trips to the forest or to the spa park. This time it is the lichen that is in focus, the interesting organisms composed of two elements: the algae and the fungus, which live in symbiosis. The lichen looks rather inconspicuous, however, its role in ecosystems, particularly in the terrestrial ones, is quite significant. For example, it is used by people to measure air clarity. The article includes description of the method, allowing everyone to individually determine the approximate concentration of sulphur dioxide in the air judging only by the appearance of the lichen.
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Originally Composed: April 25th, 2003
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