This Chapter appears here with permission
of prof. Paul Best

Resources for Lemko Studies
English Language Print and Non-print Materials

There are plenty of printed materials dealing with Lemko Studies available in variations of the Cyrillic alphabet, in Russian, Ukrainian and several codified and uncodified versions of Rusyn. In the Roman alphabet information can be found in Polish, Slovak, German, Hungarian and English, A complete bibliography of printed Lemko studies in all languages would require an entire volume, thus we will confine ourselves here to a rather eclectic, preliminary 60+ position listing of resources for those who can understand standard English.
Readers are invited to forward to this writer additional citations, whether print or non-print, that can be included in future versions of this bibliography.


1. Bogatyrev, Petr Vampires of the Carpathians: Magical Acts, Rites, and Beliefs in Subcarpathian Rus, Stephen Reynolds and Patricia A. Krafcik trans. (New York: East European Monographs, Distributed by Columbia University Press, 1998). A rather nice collection of what the title says. There is no reason not to believe they don't apply to the Lemko Region, too.
2. Kulikowski, Mark. A Bibliography of Slavic Mythology (Columbus, Ohio: Slavica Publishers, 1989).

(VHS format video cassettes)

3. Lemko Wedding available from the Lemko Association (see item #38)
4. Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors available from Prolog Video, 774 Broad Street, Suite 1115, Newark, NJ 07102-3892. A 1984 film about Carpathian Hutsul customs which are similar to Lemko ones.

(Audio Cassettes)

5. Jumba, Jerry. Carpatho-Rus Songs and Dances (2 cassettes, available from author @ 512 Hamilton Street, McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania 15136, TISA) "The Music was recorded by a 10-piece folk orchestra and 44 singers. A complete songbook with translations is included" (Orthodox Herald, May 1996, p. 2).


6. "Lemkos" Folk Music Polonia Records. Recordings of the "Lemkovyna" folk group's repertory, Vol. 1-3, available from Polart, see item #25.


7. Bonkalo, Alexander. The Rusyns (Ervin Bonkalo, Trans.) (New York: East European Monographs, Distributed by Columbia University Press, 1990). A pro-Hungarian work favoring the Rusyn-Magyar connection.
8. Encyclopedia of Ukraine (Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press, 1984-1993), 5 volumes. Many entries carry Lemko region information.
9. Gudziak, Borys A. Crisis and Reform: The Kyivan Metopolitanate, the Patriarchate of Constantinople, and the Genesis of the Union of Brest- (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute, 1998), A definitive apologia for the church union of the Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church with Rome.
10. Hrushevsky, Mykhailo. History of Ukraine-Rus. (Edmonton, Alberta & Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies and University of Toronto Press). Mykhailo Hrushevsky is the greatest of Ukrainian historians. His nine volume work entitled Istoriya Ukrainy-Rus is now being translated into English. Volumes 1 and 7 are available already (Spring, 2000). These translations are checked thoroughly and additional notes added. The end product, thus, being superior to the original.
11. Magocsi, Paul Robert. A History of Ukraine (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1996). This nearly 800 page book covers nearly 2,500 years of the history of territory either incorporated into present Ukraine or claimed by some Ukrainians. Thus there are a number of comments about the Lemko region.
12. Magocsi, Paul Robert. Our People : Carpatho-Rusyns and. their Descendants in North America, 3 editions, 3rd-1994. This and many other publications are available from the Carpatho-Rusyn Research Center. See item #36.
13. Piotrowski, Tadeusz. Ukrainian Integral Nationalism: Chronological Assessment and bibliography. (Toronto: Alliance of the Polish Eastern Provinces, 1997), Polish justification for Akcja Wisla is based on a reaction to Ukrainian nationalism and ethnic cleansing in Eastern Poland during WWII. This book gives the Polish view of that nationalism. See items 17 and 52 for a discussion of the destruction of the Polish community in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia.
14. Potichny, Peter J. (ed.) Poland and, Ukraine Past, and Present. (Edmonton, Toronto: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 1980). A general discussion of Poles and Ukrainians which has relevance for Lemko region.
15. Pysh, Simeon (trans. Andrew J. Yurkovsky). A Short History of Carpatho-Russia (USA: Andrew J. Yurkovsky, 1973). This work, 48 pages in the English translation, was written by a Lemko scholar in support of the Russophil view of the place of the Lemkos in East Slavic history (a hard to find position).
16. Radziejowski, Janusz. The. Communist Party of Western Ukraine: 1919-1929. (Edmonton, Alberta: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 1983). A translation from Polish about the phenomenon of communism in Ukraine, including the Lemko Region.
17. Terles, Mikolaj. Ethnic Cleansing of Polex in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia: 1942-1946. (Toronto: Alliance for the Polish Eastern Provinces, 1993). (see also items #13 and #52).

(Ukrainian Microfilming Project)

18. A Guide to Ukrainian American Newspapers in Microform (University of Minnesota: Immigration History Research Center, 1998). Despite its title, this booklet also covers Rusyn language publications, (see item #22)

Internet Sources
19. A Carpatho-Rusyn oriented site which has a Carpatho-Rusyn knowledge base and is related to the Carpatho-Rusyn Society. It has genealogy, tours, religious information and crafts plus history. Has a Lemko page site, maintained by Gregory A. Gressa.
20. Legacy Rus deals with the common East Slavic-heritage. This website counts four East Slavic peoples: I Great] Russians, [Little Russians] Ukrainians, [Carpatho-Rusyns] Ruthenians and [White Russians] Belarusians. It has a very interesting take on the name(s) for Carpathian East Slavs, Site maintained by David G. Matvey.
21. An excellent site of Ukrainian orientation which includes Polish, Ukrainian, the "Lemko Dialect" and English language material. Has maps, music, history and literature. Maintained by engineer Walter Maksimovich.


22. Bidwell, Charles E. The Language of Carpatho-Ruthenian Publications in America. (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh University Center for International Studies, 1971) a large format 68-page study of Cyrillic and Roman alphabet publications.
23. Golab, Zbigniew. The Origins of the Slavs: A Linguist's View. (Columbus, Ohio: Slavica Publishers, 1992).
24. Schenker, Alexander. The Dawn of Slavic: An Introduction to Slavic Philology. (New Haven, London: Yale University Press, 1995). A very well-received overview of the subject.

Maps and Atlases

25. "Classified Maps of the Polish Military," available in 70k (44mile) x 140k (88 mile) segments with English subtitles, 9 of which cover the Lemko Region -contact: Polart, 5700 Sarah Avenue, Sarasota, Florida 34233-3446, USA.
40. The Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America, 208 E. 30th Street, New York, NY 10016 USA .
41. Rusin Association, 1115 Pineview Lane, North, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55441, USA.

Periodicals - which occasionally publish Lemko materials

42. Canadian Slavonic Papers of the Canadian Association of Slavists, publishes materials such as Elaine Rusinko, "The National Awakening in Subcarpathian Rus."
43. Carpatho-Rus/Karpatska Rus, a bilingual newspaper, lately published biweekly by the Lemko Association of the United States and Canada, published since 1927. The oldest continuously published Lemko paper in North America. Carpatho-Rus, PO Box 156, Allentown, New Jersey 08501, USA.
44. Carpatho-Rusyn American. A forum on Carpatho-Rusyn Cultural Heritage, (1978—1997) ceased publication. A quarterly, 8-12 pages each. An invaluable newsletter format publication with an enormous amount of information on Carpatho-Ruthenia—some touching specifically on the Lemko region. It is likely the 80 issues will be published in a single volume by the Carpatho-Rusyn Research Center, (see item #36)
45. Diakonia: Dedicated to promoting a knowledge and understanding of Eastern Christianity. A quarterly published by the Center for Eastern Christian Studies of the ICatholicl University of Scranton, deals with Byzantine and Oriental Christianity. Occasionally it carries notes and articles which relate to Lemko Studies. For example: Joseph Wieczerzak "Moving Back History: An 1866 Document Concerning Greek Catholics in the United States." Vol. '33, No. 1, 2000, pp. 85-96.
46. Harvard Ukrainian Studies a semi-annual published by the Harvard Ukrainian Research Institute for nearly 24 years. This periodical is regularly 2 or more years behind in publication, nevertheless it does carry valuable scholarly information. For example: Raymond A. Smith "Indigenous and Diaspora Elites and the Return of Carpatho-Ruthenian Nationalism: 1989-1992", Vol. 21, No. 1/2, June 1997, pp. 141-1GO.
47. Journal of Ukrainian Studies a semi-annual published since 1975. Carries articles that do touch upon the Lemko Region. For example: Mark Barker; "Lewis Namier and the problem of Eastern Galicia," Vol. 23, No. 2, Winter 1998, pp. 59-104, especially page 100.
48. Lemkivshchyna, published quarterly by the Organization for the Defense of the Lemko Western Ukraine since 1979. Some English language content.
49. Nationalities Papers. Published quarterly by the Association for the Study of Nationalities, Inc.
50. The New Rusyn Times a bi-monthly publication of the Carpatho-Rusyn Society, now in its 7th year. Mainly concerning Presov and Transcarpathia, available from Carpatho-Rusyn Society, 125 Westland Drive, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15217, USA
51. The Orthodox Herald, a monthly newsletter, soon going into its 50th year, of religious and ethnic information. Published by the Strogens (priest and wife) from: PO Box 9, Hunlock Creek, Pennsylvania 18621, USA.
52. The Polish Review published by the Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America, see especially Tadeusz Piotrowski "Akcja 'Wisla"- Operation "Vistula" 1947: Background and Assessment" Vol. 43, No. 2, 1098, pp. 210-238, about the depopulation of the Lemko region.
53. Slavic Review, q quarterly, since 1041. Published by the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies.
54. Trembita an occasional periodical published by the Rusin Association of Minnesota. This paper carries information and translations mainly about the Transcarpathian and Presov regions. Address: Karen Varian, 1817 121st Avenue, NE, Blaine, Minnesota 55449

Religious Information

55. Blazejowskyj, Dmytro. Historical Sematism of the Eparchy of Peremyshl including the Apostolic Administration of Lemkivscyna (1828-1939). (Lviv, Ukraine: Kamenyar Press, 1995). No matter what one's religious affiliation, or lack thereof, this compilation and translation into English of Shematisms (Sketches/outlines) of the Przemysl Diocese of the Greek Catholic church is invaluable to the researcher since it collects into one place information difficult to find anywhere else. Despite the eclectic transliteration, it is well worth while to obtain a copy of this 1,000 page work. Unfortunately only 1,000 copies were printed in Ukraine. It may be a copy is obtainable from Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church bookstores in North America.


56. Carpatho-Ruthenian Plain Chant. TransWorld Distributors, 24 West Sheffield Avenue, Englewood, New Jersey 07231, USA, 1970. Five 12" disks of the Liturgy.
57. Iwanusiw, Oleh, Church in Ruins (St. Catherines, Ontario: St. Sophia Religions Association, 1987). A beautiful lovingly prepared picture album of churches of the Lemko region, many now destroyed.
58. Klosinska, Janina (trans. Magda Iwinska and Piotr Paszkiewicz) Icons From Poland (Warsaw: Arkady Publishers, 1989). An unusual, difficult to find, 150 page book filled with pictures of looted/confiscated icons from the Lemko region.
59. Kucharek, Casimir. The. Byzantine-Slav Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom (Combermere, Ontario: Alleluia Press, 1971). "This book is the most comprehensive work on Byzantine Eucharistic Liturgy that has ever appeared in any modern language."

(Cassette audio tape).

60. The Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, sung by the archiepiscopal choir of the Exaltation of the Most Holy Cross Orthodox Cathedral, Cyril and Methodius Square, 7, Uzhgorod Transcarpathia, Ukraine. The complete long Byzantine liturgy, a very clear, very beautiful, rendition.
61. Roccasalvo, Joan L. The Plain Chant Tradition of Southwestern Rus. (Boulder, CO, East European Monographs, 1986), explains special Eastern Christian music of Carpathian area, should be combined with #48 above.


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Date Posted: February 29, 2001
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